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Yoga in The Recent Decades
What is Yoga?
Concept of yoga
Evolution of Yoga
Complete picture of Yoga
Swami SivanandaIn the 20th century, the philosophy and practice of Yoga became increasingly popular in the West. The first important organization for practitioners in the United States was the Self-Realisation fellowship, founded by Paramhansa Yogananda in 1920. Some 50 years later, instruction emphasizing both the physical and spiritual benefits of Yogic techniques was available through a wide variety of sectarian Yoga organizations, nonsectarian classes, and television programs in the United States and Europe.

In recent times, one of the most prominent Yoga gurus is Himalayan Swami Sivananda. Swami Sivananda served as a doctor in Malaysia and opened schools in America and Europe in the 1960s and 1970s. Sivananda's Five Principles of Yoga include:

  1. proper relaxation (savasana)

  2. proper exercise (Asanas)

  3. proper breathing (pranayama)

  4. proper diet (vegetarian)

  5. positive thinking and Meditation (dhyana).
He also wrote more than two hundred books about Yoga and Philosophy. Swami Sivananda is the founder of the International Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centers through his disciple, Swami Vishnu-Devananada. Swami Vishnu-Devananada also wrote the Illustrated book of Yoga.

Swami Sivananda's other notable disciples include: Swami Satchitananda who introduced chanting and Yoga to Woodstock; Swami Sivananada Radha, the woman who explored the connection between psychology and Yoga, and Yogi Bhajan who started teaching Kundalini Yoga in the 70's. He also founded the 3H Organization (Healthy, Happy, Holy), which now has around 200 centers worldwide.

In conclusion, Yoga is the most diversified spiritual practice in the world. Crossing over many cultures (including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and the West), Yoga also extends over multiple languages such as Hindi, Tibetan, Bengali, Sanskrit, Tamil, Prakit, Marathi and Pali. The Yogic tradition continues to proliferate and spread its message of peace to this very day.


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