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Glossary of Sanskrit Terms
Sattva - Purity.
Sattvic - Pure.
Satyam - Truth; Brahman.
Shakti - Power.
Shat-Karmas - Six purificatory exercises of Hatha Yoga, viz., Dhauti, Basti, Neti, Nauli, Trataka and Kapalabhati.
Siddhas - Perfected Yogins.
Siddhi - Perfection; psychic power.
Sindur - Vermilion.
Sparsha - Touch; feeling.
Sraddha - Faith.
Sravana - Hearing of Srutis.
Sthula - Physical; gross.
Sukha - Happiness; comfortable.
Sukshma - Astral; subtle.
Surya Nadi -Another name for Pingala.
Sutra - Aphorism.
Svara Sadhana - Regulation of breath.
Sadhaka - An aspirant devoted to the practice of spiritual discipline.
Sadhana - Spiritual discipline.
Sadhu - A holy man, ascetic, or monk.
Saguna - With form.
Sahasrara - The spiritual centre at the head.
Sakshatkara - Direct perception.
Samadhi or bhava samadhi - Super conscious state. Through spiritual practice when the mind is perfectly concentrated, one transcends the limitations of the conscious state and gets the vision of Truth or Illumination --- simply stated, gets the vision of God.
Samkhya - One of the six systems of orthodox Hindu thought or Indian philosophy that accept the authority of Vedas. The other five are Vaisheshika, Nyaya, Yoga, Mimasa, and Vedanta. Scholars believe that these six systems of thoughts originated and evolved roughly between 600 and 200 BC.
Samsara - The world, worldliness.
Sama - Equal; balanced state of mind.
Samsara Chakra - Wheel of death and birth.
Samskara - Impression.
Sanskrit - The ancient language of the Vedas, Vedanta and other scriptures of India.
Sannyasi (M) or sannyasini (F) - An ascetic mendicant.
Sannyas - The last of the four stages of human life prescribed by the Vedantic scriptures:
1. Brahmacharya---the celibate student stage
2. Garhasthya---the married householder stage
3. Banaprastha---the stage of retirement and contemplation
4. Sannyas---the stage of religious mendicancy
Saraswati - The goddess of learning according to Hindu mythology.
Sattva or sattwa - The quality of tranquility, purity, virtue, illumination, balance and wisdom; one of the three gunas (attributes), or constitutive elements of any phenomenon. Sattvic is pertaining to sattva.
Shakti or Sakti - Literally means STRENGTH. The Creative Power of Brahman; name of the Divine Mother. Those who worship Shakti, or the Divine Mother are called Saktas.
Shankaracharya or Shankara - The seventh century prophet, philosopher, and the unrivaled propounder of Advaita, or non-dualistic Vedanta philosophy.
Siva or Shiva - The Destroyer God; the Third of the Hindu Trinity, the other two being Brahma (Creator) and Vishnu (Preserver).
Sri or Shri - A title or designation prefixed to the name of a person, particularly a holy person.
Sri Krishna or Krishna - According to Hinduism one of the Avatars who taught the Bhagavad-Gita .
Shraddha - Faith and reverence.
Sri Ramakrishna - Pronounced as rama--krish--na.
Sri Ramakrishna, a great prophet of nineteenth-century India (1836-1886), practiced all major religions and re-established the fundamental teaching of Vedanta and unequivocally declared:
1. All religions are True
2. Our true nature is Divine, and
3. The only aim of human life is to manifest and realize that divinity
See Sri Ramakrishna and The Ramakrishna Movement.
sutra - Aphorism---a brief statement of a principle, a clue.
Swami - A title of the Hindu monks or great ascetics.
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